Field executions are considered among the most prominent of violations committed by ISIS since its control over the city of al-Raqqa, in addition to other areas it controls in Syria, the latest of which is Tadmur (Palmyra), which was seized on 20/5/2015.
Unlike other military and armed groups, including regime forces and foreign militias, ISIS implements the following:
11) Carries out executions in public spaces, ensuring the attendance of children at the time of execution. At times, children participate in executions or in picking up the heads of those executed afterwards.
2) Many times, acts of execution are recorded and then spread on social media by supporters.
3) Acts of execution are widespread (hundreds of victims can be killed at once, as is the case in the Sha’eitaat massacre which took place in August 2014, and when Iraqi soldiers were slaughtered in June 2014).
This is what makes field executions the unique crime of ISIS.
Among the accusations most used by ISIS when carrying out acts of execution:
– Membership to armed Syrian opposition factions
– Acting against the Shariah
– Acting as a spy for the Syrian or Iraqi regimes, or any other regime
– Waging war against ISIS
In all visual recordings of acts of execution, the organisation has accused the victims of being “disbelievers”, or “enemies of Allah”, and executions have been carried out with the belief that it is according to Islamic law.
The organisation has implemented field executions using a variety of methods, including:
Execution via a firing squad
Execution via other methods of firing, such as grenades
Cutting off the head with a knife or sword
Death through continuous kicking
Burning to death
The organisation also commits violations against the victims following their deaths, such as displaying the bodies in public places or dragging them through the streets.
The campaign “Deir Azzour is being Slaughtered Silently” published the names of 32 people who were executed by ISIS in the last three days in Deir Azzour. They include:
1. Mohammed Saeed al-Kardoush (al-Shaheel)
2. Shahir Awaad al-Hamaad (al-Shaheel)
3. Imad al-Amaash al-Jarbou’ (Sh’aitaat)
4. Hussein Toma Ataa (Sh’aitaat)
5. Hussein al-Abd al-Salaam
6. Ziyaad Aayid Obaid al-Ali (Jardhi)
7. Ibrahim al-Ali al-Obaida (al-Dahla)
8. Ahmed al-Abdoon (Sfeera Fawqani)
9. Yasin al-Nawfal al-Awad (Shmaitiah)
10. Fouad Ahmed al-Abdullah
11. Abdullah al-Mashab
12. Mohammed Ismail al-Jijan
13. Mohammed Ibrahim al-Salim (Khisham)
14. Hani Turki al-Ali
15. Jasim Mohammed al-Antar (Sfeera al-Tahtania)
16. Ismail al-Abdo al-Thalj
17. Ahmed Sibat al-Abbar
18. Ibn Fareed al-Mutlaq
19. Ahmed al-Ali al-Raki’ (al-Baseera)
20. Abulrahman al-Ali al-As’ad (al-Masrab)
21. Nawaf al-Jadoo’ al-Khalaf (al-Masrab)
22. Abdulrahman al-Mohammed al-Khidr (al-Masrab)
23. Ramadan Hamad al-Rasheed (al-Masrab)
24. Jumuah al-Mohammed (al-Masrab)
25. Hamadi al-Burhan (al-Masrab)
26. Abdullah al-Mad’oum (al-Masrab)
27. Imad Mustafa al-Nawfal (al-Hawayij)
28. Mohammed Abdul Aziz al-Shalash (Shmaitiah)
29. Unknown (Mastaha Albo Matar)
30. As’ad Abdul Majeed al-Sayaad
31. Unknown (Khishaam)
32. Unknown (al-Shaheel)