The crackdown on the Kurdish activists is going on in all its varieties: detention, presentation to exceptional and military courts, persistence in denying the rights of Kurds as citizens entitled to all their rights, denying their cultural and ethnical rights which the Regime awards to other ethnic groups living in Syria and suppressing any of their claims even if by using violence and shooting against them.
Many of them were presented to exceptional courts charged with ready accusations made to measure, such as affiliation to a secret organisation and the endeavor to split part of the Syrian land to annex it to a foreign country. On 10 December 2006, for example, Qambar Husain Qambar was sentenced to 3 years in prison in accordance with the above-mentioned accusation. On 4 February 2007, 12 Kurds were sentenced for the same accusation to various terms in prison, as follows: seven and a half years in prison were the lot of Ahmad Ali Rustum, Jan Bakr, Luqman Mustafa, Muhammad Hasan and Muhammad Ali Mustafa; four-year imprisonment was the sentence against Abdul-Qadir Sheikhoo and ‘Inayat Ali Ibish; three years in prison were for Shairzad Bakr and Muhammad Muhammad Ibish; two and a half years in prison was the sentence against Khabat Rashkilo, Sheikh Musa Qasim and Mustafa Hasan. On 23 November 2006, Shairkoh al-Ahmad, the Kurdish political activist and leading member in the Democratic Union, was sentenced in absence. There are large numbers of the Kurdish ethnicity who are being tried while they are free. Reportedly, 49 Kurds were being tried while they are free before a military court in Damascus on 14 December 2006 because of celebrating the first anniversary of the abduction and assassination of the Kurdish Sheikh Muhammad Ma’shooq al-Khaznawi.
During the period covered by the report, dozens of Kurdish activists or some unfortunate people who were the victims of the Syrian intelligence and security apparatuses were arrested. Reportedly, Ibrahim Khalil (58 years), ‘Izzat ‘Uthman (33 years), Muhammad ‘Abd Khaleel (42 years) and Salah Muhammad Bilal (35 years) were detained in al-Ashrafiyyah Neighbourhood in Aleppo on 4 August 2006. On 5 October 2006, some of the participants in a sit-in in al-Qamishli, carried out in protest against the exceptional census of 1962, were arrested. Among them were Zuhair Kanjo Hamu, Jad’an ’Uthman, Radeef Mustafa, Fawzi Ali, Isma’il Mustafa, Kanuwar Ali, ‘‘Amer Hamu, Jum’ah Isma’il Mahmud, Abdullah Mahmud Mnawir, Suroor Sheikhmoos, Muhammad Nabi, Ali …, Najm al-Deen … and Isma’il …. It has been reported that Murad al-Khaznawi, the son of the assassinated Sheikh Muhammad Ma’shooq al-Khaznawi, was detained on 13 November 2006 on his way to Amman, but he is said to have been released later on. Luqman Muhammad Muhammad was detained in al-Dirbasiyyah town on 2 November 2006, and Ahmad Farhu on 4 November 2006 following a visit to their relatives in Northern Iraq. The military intelligence in ‘Ifreen arrested the Kurdish activist Na’eemah ‘Abdoo (40 years) in late August 2006, and it is reported that she was subjected to severe torture so that she had to be transferred to the Military Hospital in Aleppo. On 16 October 2006, Raizan ‘Adil Ahmad was arrested from his working place in ‘Amooda town and was hurriedly taken to al-Qamishli and then to Damascus. On 19 November 2006, Musallam Mustafa Kutu was arrested from ‘Ifreen. Three days before, some armed individuals from the Political Section had attacked a number of houses in Aleppo to arrest Khalid Rasheed Rasheed (from Jandarees), Muhammad Musa Hamko and ‘Uthman Muhammad Musa Hamko (from Rajo). On 20 December 2006, the secretary of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party in Syria, Muhammad Sheikhmoos Aali (54 years) was arrested from a cafe in Aleppo. In the middle of August 2007, the expatriate citizen Mahmud ‘Isa was arrested from his village ‘Arshqaibar following a visit of his from Germany. On 17 December 2006, the youth Muhammad Mustafa Bayram from Dummar in Rural Damascus was arrested, and the university student ‘Ammar al-Ahmad from Aleppo was arrested, too. On 12 August 2007, Ma’roof Mulla Ahmad, the leading member in the Kurdish Yekiti Party was arrested. On 15 April 2007, a group of Kurdish labourers in the Nabik town were arrested; among them were Ra’ad Taha Ramadan, Marwan Muhammad Sa’eed, ‘Adnan Muhammad Yusuf, Ibrahim Muhammad Khalaf, ‘Imran …, and Idris …. On 22 July 2007, the Intelligence of the State Security arrested the former Kurdish detainee ‘Izzat Fa’iq Mustafa (49 years) from ’Ifreen district. On 2 September 2007, the Military Intelligence arrested Bashar Ameen al-Ali, the member of the Political Committee of the Turkish Aazaad Party from his home in al-Hasaka Province while he was in his night dress. The activist in the Committee of Educated Kurds, Ibrahim Mustafa (27 years) was arrested from ‘Ain al-‘Arab town on 16 June 2007 to be transferred to the branch of State Security in Aleppo and then to Damascus. Fifteen Kurds from the city of al-Qamishli were arrested on 2 January 2007 in the wake of their protest demonstration, and they are being tried by the only military judge in al-Qamishli city. They are Muhi al-Deen Sheikhmus Husain, ‘Abd Kamal Isma’il, Saleem Sulaiman Hadi, Sha’lan Muhsin Ibrahim, ‘Abbas Khaleel Ibrahim, Sheikhmus ‘Abdi Hasan, ‘Isa Ibrahim Hassu, Abdul-Kareem Husain Ahmad, Muhammad Haleem Ibrahim, Abdul-Rahman Sulaiman Rammu, Jameel Ibrahim ‘Umar, Walid Hasan Husain, Mazin Findyar Hammu, Firas Faris Ahmad, and Mussa Sabri ‘Ugail. The following juveniles were referred to the criminal court in al-Hasakah: Husain Ahmad Hasan, Tahseen Taha Fattah, Seeban Khaleel Ali, Khaleel Muhammad Isma’il, Nafi’ Abd al-Ra’oof Ghaida, Shnidar Jamal Sareek and Sheendar Salah Ali. On 16 December 2007, the security authorities and the forces for preserving order dispersed a demonstration that Kurdish parties called to carry out in front of the State Security Court to protest against trying a group of Kurds. The Syrian authorities once more adopted the same approach of detaining the participants in the picketing in large trucks and dumping them away from the location of the picketing.